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unseen passage with questions and solutions | UPSSSC PET अपठित गद्यांश पर आधारित प्रश्न(Samanya English)

defination of unseen passage:

An unseen passage is a piece of text, typically in the form of a paragraph or longer passage, that a reader has not encountered before. It is usually presented in reading comprehension tests or exams as a means of assessing a person’s ability to understand and interpret written information.

The text of an unseen passage may be taken from a variety of sources, such as literary works, news articles, scientific papers, or any other type of writing. The passage may be accompanied by a series of questions that require the reader to demonstrate their comprehension of the text, such as identifying the main idea, making inferences, drawing conclusions, or identifying specific details or vocabulary words.

Unseen passages are commonly used in language exams, particularly in English language exams, as they test a reader’s ability to comprehend and analyze written text. They are also used in academic and professional settings to assess reading comprehension and critical thinking skills.

Passage-1: 

The human brain is a complex and fascinating organ that is responsible for a wide range of cognitive functions such as perception, attention, memory, and decision-making. It consists of different regions that are specialized for particular tasks, and the communication between these regions allows us to perform complex behaviors.

One of the most important regions of the brain is the prefrontal cortex, which is located at the front of the brain. This area is responsible for executive functions such as decision-making, planning, and working memory. It is also involved in social cognition, which refers to our ability to understand and interact with other people.

Another important region of the brain is the hippocampus, which is located in the temporal lobe. This area is critical for the formation of new memories and spatial navigation. Damage to the hippocampus can result in amnesia, which is the inability to form new memories.

Questions:

1.What are some of the cognitive functions that the human brain is responsible for?

2.What is the prefrontal cortex responsible for?

3.Where is the hippocampus located, and what is its role?

4.What is amnesia, and what can cause it?

Solutions:

1.The human brain is responsible for a wide range of cognitive functions, such as perception, attention, memory, and decision-making.

2.The prefrontal cortex is responsible for executive functions such as decision-making, planning, and working memory, as well as social cognition.

3.The hippocampus is located in the temporal lobe, and its role is critical for the formation of new memories and spatial navigation.

4.Amnesia is the inability to form new memories, and it can be caused by damage to the hippocampus.

 

Passage-2:

Global warming is a phenomenon that has been observed in recent years, and it refers to the gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. This increase in temperature is primarily caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, from human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.

The effects of global warming can be devastating and can include rising sea levels, more frequent and severe heatwaves and droughts, and the extinction of many plant and animal species. It is therefore important to take action to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and slow down the pace of global warming.

One way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is to transition to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. Another way is to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy waste through the use of energy-efficient appliances and buildings.

Questions:

1.What is global warming, and what causes it?

2.What are some of the effects of global warming?

3.Why is it important to take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

4.What are some ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

Solutions:

1.Global warming refers to the gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans, and it is primarily caused by the emission of greenhouse gases from human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.

2.The effects of global warming can include rising sea levels, more frequent and severe heatwaves and droughts, and the extinction of many plant and animal species.

3.It is important to take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions because the effects of global warming can be devastating.

4.Some ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions include transitioning to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, and improving energy efficiency through the use of energy-efficient appliances and buildings.

 

Passage-3:

The Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrialization that took place in Europe and North America during the 18th and 19th centuries. It was characterized by the development of new technologies, such as the steam engine and the spinning jenny, that allowed for the mass production of goods and the creation of new industries.

The Industrial Revolution had a profound impact on society, as it led to significant changes in the economy, social structure, and the way people lived and worked. It also had a major impact on the environment, as industrialization led to increased pollution and the degradation of natural resources.

Despite its many benefits, the Industrial Revolution also had its drawbacks, including poor working conditions, child labor, and the widening gap between the rich and poor. However, it laid the foundation for modern industrial societies and paved the way for further technological advancements.

Questions:

1.What was the Industrial Revolution, and when did it take place?

2.What were some of the new technologies that were developed during the Industrial Revolution?

3.What impact did the Industrial Revolution have on society?

4.What were some of the drawbacks of the Industrial Revolution?

Solutions:

1.The Industrial Revolution was a period of rapid industrialization that took place in Europe and North America during the 18th and 19th centuries.

2.The Industrial Revolution was characterized by the development of new technologies, such as the steam engine and the spinning jenny, that allowed for the mass production of goods and the creation of new industries.

3.The Industrial Revolution had a profound impact on society, as it led to significant changes in the economy, social structure, and the way people lived and worked. It also had a major impact on the environment, as industrialization led to increased pollution and the degradation of natural resources.

4.Some of the drawbacks of the Industrial Revolution included poor working conditions, child labor, and the widening gap between the rich and poor.

Indian History Pdf Notes

bharat ki pramukh parvat shreni

 

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